Rehabilitation medicine is a branch of medicine that enhances and restores the functional ability and quality of life of a patient with physical impairment, disability or injury.
In Rehabilitation the word "habilitas” implies- “to make able”. The objective of rehabilitative medicine is to enable people with disabilities to achieve and maintain a high level of physical, psychological and social well-being.
Rehabilitation medicine encompasses two main areas such as neurological and locomotor rehabilitation. Neurological rehabilitation is indicated for patients with spinal injuries, traumatic and non-traumatic brain injuries (including stroke), and progressive disorders (such as multiple sclerosis). The other area of rehabilitation deals with musculoskeletal disability and limb loss.
Rehabilitation aims to achieve the following outcomes:
- Prevention of loss of function
- Slowing the rate of loss of function
- Improvement or restoration of function
- Compensation for lost function
- Maintenance of current function
Although rehabilitation does not undo or reverse the impairment caused by disease, injury or trauma, it does help an individual to achieve the highest level of function, independence, and quality of life. Rehabilitation restores optimal health, functioning, and well-being of an individual.
A Basic Rehabilitation program includes:
- Treatment of disease and prevention of its complications
- Treatment of disability and improvement in overall function
- Provision of adaptive tools or instruments and alteration of the patient surroundings
- Educating and assisting the patient and family to adapt a healthier lifestyle
Rehabilitation medicine specialists will help you to restore optimal function due to injuries of the muscles, bones, tissues, and nervous system.